Lesson 4 Beginner

Lesson 4 – Mag ik twee pils?

Intro
This lesson deals with ordering in restaurants and pubs, offering and accepting (or not accepting) drinks, and on how to say things like ‘sorry, ‘please’ and ‘thank you’ in Dutch. Furthermore, there’s some theory on small words that don’t mean anything and there are some remarks on how to behave when visiting Dutch people.

In any Dutch shop, restaurant or cafe, somebody might approach you and say something that sounds like ‘zecuma‘. In fact, what they want to say is  zegt u het maar – the most currently used phrase to indicate that you can tell them what you want to order or buy. The phrase is: zegt u het maar.

Also the word natuurlijk (means ‘of course’) is often pronounced as if it was something else, like ‘tulek‘. It could be an answer to your order or to your question if something is available.

Ordering however, is quite simple. You say what you want and let it be followed by alstublieft (‘please’) or you first say Mag ik (means ‘Can I have’) plus the item you want (note that in phrases like this there’s often no ‘have’, just ‘Can I’ or ‘May I’ in Dutch).

Text 4.1 – Zegt u het maar
  • Zegt u het maar
  • Mag ik twee pils?.
  • Een koffie en een thee, alstublieft.
  • Heeft u warme chocola?
  • Natuurlijk
  • Nee, het spijt me, dat hebben we niet.

The phrase Het spijt me means ‘Im deeply sorry’. In situations that are not very formal also the English word ‘sorry’ will do very well.

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The word Alstublieft is in fact the formal form (it contains u) – alsjeblieftis the informal version. These two do not only mean ‘please’: they also mean something like ‘here you are’ and are used when something is being given to you. A natural reply would be one of the phrases that mean ‘thank you’: dank u wel (formal), dank je wel (informal) or bedankt (can be used in formal and informal situations). The word wel is optional: it makes the same difference as ‘very much’ does in ‘thank you very much’.

Here are the phrases for please/here you are and thank you:

Text 4.2 – Alstublieft…
  • Alstublieft
  • Alsjeblieft.
  • Kijkt u eens.
  • Dank u wel
  • Dank je
  • Bedankt

In letters you can also read things like hartelijk dank (‘profound thanks’) or dank u vriendelijk (‘thank you kindly’) but they are hardly ever used in spoken Dutch.

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In the first phrase in the first text – zegt u het maar – you also see one of those words that often occur in Dutch phrases without having a meaning. Or rather: they do have a meaning – if you look them up in the dictionary, you’ll find something, but it doesn’t apply in many phrases.The most frequently used are: maar (can mean ‘but’), eens (can mean ‘once’), even (can mean ‘shortly’) and hoor (can mean ‘hear’). To the first three you can often attribute the meaning of ‘just’ (zegt u het maar – ‘just you say it’) but that becomes hard when there’s two or three of them (kijk maar eens – ‘just look’).

In general it’s best to state that if they do not represent their literal meaning, they are there to make a sentence friendlier and smoother.

This doesn’t apply to the word ‘hoor’, however. This particular word really doesn’t have any meaning when it appears at the end of a sentence. It’s just there as an extra sound to be able to give the sentence the right intonation, which could be severe, ironic, angry, or whatever else the speaker wants to express.

Here are some examples. Because these small words can have a subtle effect on the meaning, there’s an English phrase to indicate what’s being said.

Text 4.3 – Kom eens
  • Kom eens even hier
‘Just come here, (please)’
  • Ga maar, hoor.
Just go (it’s allright)
  • Laat maar
Just leave it.
  • Laat maar zitten
Leave it – keep the change
  • Nee, hoor.
No, (absolutely not).

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If you visit a Dutch person, you’ll probably be asked what you want to drink. The question will prabably just be:

  • Wat wil je drinken? (‘what do you want to drink?’ – watch out: willen= ‘to want’),
  • Koffie? (‘coffee?’) or the more formal
  • Kan ik u iets te drinken aanbieden? (‘can I offer you something to drink?’)

You could reply with ja, lekker (‘yes, (that would be) nice’) if you want the thing you’ve been offered or nee, bedankt if you don’t want it. There’s no Dutch equivalent of ‘no I’m fine, thank you’ and you only say ‘thank you’ if you do not want it (so there’s no such thing as ‘yes, thank you’) – in fact if you just say bedankt or dank u, a regular Dutchman would probably conclude that you do not want the thing he just offered …

Like most western countries, in the Netherlands you will not be offered a lot to eat – on the contrary, the Dutch are very greedy on food. Older people in the Netherlands often have a special ritual concerning cookies: they take a bin with small cookies out of their cupboard to open it and offer you just one. After that, they close it and put it back in the cupboard.

It’s very unusual to an opened bin on the table and it’s very unpolite to take anything to eat that is not explicitly presented to you.

The Dutch are used drink loads of coffee, at any time. Sometimes they drink tee, though never with milk – if you’re used to milk in your tee, you explicitly have to ask for it, even in most restaurants.

In their coffee they often pour some milk – they have special koffiemelkfor it.

Here are some phrases you may find useful:

Text 4.4 – Kopje koffie?
  • Kopje koffie?
  • Wat wil je drinken?
  • Kan ik u iets te drinken aanbieden?
  • Suiker en melk?
  • Alleen suiker
  • Wil je koffie of thee?
  • Iets fris, graag.

The last phrase means ‘something without alcohol, please’. The word graag is quite often used instead of alstublieft/alsjeblief, meaning ‘please’, but it can’t be used in a question.

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Vocabulary
aanbieden to offer
alsjeblieft please, here you are
alstublieft please, here you are
bedanken to thank
bedankt thanks
dank u/je thank you
de chocola the chocolate
drinken to drink
fris fresh, cool, soft drinks
graag please, favourable
horen to hear
iets something
kijken to look
de koffie the coffee
het kopje the cup
laten to let, to leave
lekker nice, tasty
maar but, ‘just’
de melk the milk
mogen to may, to can, to be allowed
natuurlijk of course
de pils the lager beer
spijten to regret
de suiker the sugar
de thee the tee
warm warm
willen to want
zeggen to say
zitten to sit, to be

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More …

You could also take a look at these pages – but at this level it would be to much to remember al the listed words and phrases, so just browse and pick what you think you might need:

  • With the help of the above mentioned list of drinks and dishes and the phrases you learned in this lesson, you could imagine yourself, sitting in a restaurant and order. What would you say…?If you’re in the Netherlands you could now just go for it and order away in a restaurant. If you’re not, you could find a friend and ‘simulate’…

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Try to complete the test about this lesson!

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