Verbs – past (regular)
For regular verbs, the past tense has two possibilities:de(n) or te(n)behind the ik-form of the present tense. You have to take -te for singular and-ten for plural if this form ends on a k, f, s, ch,p, t or x. To remember this, I use the word kofschiptaxi, containing all these consonants. If theik-form does not end on one of those, you take-de for singular and -denfor plural. So for the verb fietsen, having an ik-form that ends on s, which is one of the consonants in kofschiptaxi, it will be:
singular plural 1 - ik fietste wij fietsten 2 - jij fietste jullie fietsten 3 - hij/zij fietste zij fietsten
And for the verb rennen (to run), not having an ik-form that ends on one of the consonants in kofschiptaxi, it will be:
singular plural 1 - ik rende wij renden 2 - jij rende jullie renden 3 - hij/zij rende zij renden
Two remarks on all that:
- Sometimes you get double t or double d where this looks quite weird even to native speakers. The present forms ik antwoord – wij antwoorden (I/we reply)for example, will be in the past tense ik antwoordde- wij antwoordden, and the past of ik plant -wij planten(I/we plant) becomes ‘ik plantte -wij plantten’.
- Where infinitive forms have a v or z that becomes f or s in the ik-form, you must still think of the original v en z when you choose between -te(n) or -de(n). And since v and z are not in kofschiptaxiyou get-de(n).